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西班牙 Miguel Gallardo 演讲+放映
from: liff.cafa.edu.cn time: 2019.3.31
A-13
19:30-21:30 31/03/19 CM
Miguel Gallardo
玛丽亚的画
绘画做为一种沟通工具
“Drawing for Maria”
Drawing as a communication tool

通常我们在12-13岁的时候就不再画画了,在这个年龄之前,所有的孩子都在没有规则和准则的情况下作画,当他们到了青春期前,孩子们便停止画画了,这是因为与外界的比较,艺术准则开始发挥作用。它们破坏了大多数人的绘画能力。与此同时,我们生活在由图像所统治的世界上,我们所看到的70%是视觉信息,这些信息有助于我们了解世界,从机场的图片,国际航班的紧急指令,交通的信号或在whatsApp上的表情符号,我们与地球上的大多数居民所共享的通用语言,节省了文化差异,通过从童年开始的沉浸方式,我们以自然的方式学习了视觉语言。然而,绘画是在教学中被遗忘的学科之一。
通过我为患有自闭症谱系障碍的女儿Maria画画的经历,我发现了绘画作为一种交流工具的巨大潜力,当口头或书面语言都不够的时候。使用一种非常接近象形图的简单风格,我们可以在很多情况下解决沟通问题,也可以处理不当行为和冲突。
自闭症是一个通过绘画来进行交流的理想领域,因为这个范围内的人有很强的视觉能力、过目不误的记忆力(很多次)以及口语和交流方面的困难。玛丽亚从根本上改变了我对绘画的看法,这一直是一个专业人士的观点,并在我们必须通过表现来交流的方式上开辟了有趣的可能性。

Normally we stop drawing towards 12-13 years old, before that age all children draw and do it without rules or canons, when they reach preadolescence they stop doing it because there is a comparison with the outside and the artistic canons come into play. they frustrate the drawing capacity of the majority. At the same time we live in a world that is ruled by the image, 70% of what we see is visual information that helps us understand the world, from the pictograms in airports, emergency instructions on international flights, signals of traffic or the emoticons in WhatsApp, a universal language that we share with the majority of the planet’s inhabitants, saving the cultural differences, visual codes that we learn in a natural way by immersion since childhood. And yet, drawing is one of the forgotten subjects in teaching.
Through my experience drawing for my daughter Maria who has autism spectrum disorder, I have discovered the great ability of drawing as a communication tool when oral or written language is not enough. Using a simple style very close to the pictograms, we manage to resolve communication in many cases and also work on inappropriate behaviors and conflicts.
Autism is an ideal field to apply communication through drawing since people within the spectrum have great visual capacity, photographic memory (many times) and difficulties with oral language and communication. María has radically changed my point of view about drawing that had always been that of a professional and has opened interesting possibilities in the ways we have to communicate through representation.

Screening

1. Maria’s Journey. 5’42” /2D animation/Spanish/2010
2. Specialist Academy. 7’28” /2D animation/Spanish/2015
3. El Documental - Maria y yo. 1’19’59”/Documentary/Spanish/2015